Lebanon

Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country located in Western Asia bordered by Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south and overlooking the Mediterranean Sea to the west.

The country counts over 6 million inhabitants, 89 per cent of which living in urban areas concentrated in and around the main cities and coastal towns.

Lebanon has a total land area of 10,230 km2 which can be classified as built-up land (approximately 6 per cent); forest, shrubs and vegetation (approximately 56 per cent); and agricultural land (approximately 32 per cent) .

The dire socio-economic conditions of the country, compounded by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the Beirut Port explosion, and the Syrian crisis have severe implications on land tenure and land management issues. Currently, Lebanon hosts more than 1 million Syrian refugees scattered throughout urban and rural communities. Since 2011, the influx of refugees increased together with the demand for access to shelter and basic services, putting additional pressure on the availability of affordable housing.

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