This case study was extracted from the unpublished research “Land, Natural Resources and Climate Change in the Arab Region”. The research explores some of the critical challenges that fall at the intersection of climate change and land governance analyses. It aims at contributing to knowledge development and encouraging policy-oriented research that seeks to protect the land tenure rights of vulnerable groups against the effects of climate change. The case study in this report discusses the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon. It aims to stimulate the discussion on the tenure security-climate change nexus in Arab countries and to encourage further research on the topic. The report, and this case study, were developed by The Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS) in collaboration with UN-Habitat and the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) under the BMZ funded Arab Region Programme on Good Land Governance in Support to Inclusive Development, Peace and Stability.